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Transportation & Fleet Safety Toolkit
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Transportation & Fleet Safety Toolkit

As part of NLBMDA’s 2015-2017 Strategic Plan, NLBMDA’s Regulatory, Codes and Standards Committee have developed this Transportation and Fleet Safety Toolkit to help the LBM sector better understand and comply with various regulations applicable to commercial motor vehicles.  In this first edition, we focus on the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration’s (FMCSA’s) Behavior Analysis and Safety Improvement Categories (BASICs): Unsafe Driving, Crash Indicator, Hours- of-Service Compliance, Vehicle Maintenance, Controlled Substances/Alcohol, Hazardous Materials Compliance (HM), and Driver Fitness. The toolkit will continue to be built out with additional material.

FMCSA Resources


Unsafe Driving

Operation of commercial motor vehicles (CMVs) in a dangerous or careless manner. Example violations include: speeding, reckless driving, improper lane change, texting while operating a CMV, not wearing safety belts. 

Driver Fitness

Operation of CMVs by drivers who are unfit to operate a CMV due to lack of training, experience, or medical qualifications. Example violations include: failing to have a valid and appropriate commercial driver's license (CDL), being medically unqualified to operate a CMV, failing to maintain driver qualification files. 

Hours-of-Service Compliance

Operation of CMVs by drivers who are ill, fatigued, or in noncompliance with the HOS regulations. This BASIC includes violations of regulations pertaining to records of duty status (RODS) as they relate to HOS requirements and the management of CMV driver fatigue. Example violations include: operating a CMV while ill or fatigued, requiring or permitting a property-carrying CMV driver to drive more than 11 hours, failing to preserve RODS for 6 months/failing to preserve supporting documents. 

Controlled Substances/Alcohol

Operation of CMVs by drivers who are impaired due to alcohol, illegal drugs, and misuse of prescription or over-the-counter medications. Example violations include: use or possession of controlled substances or alcohol, failing to implement an alcohol and/or controlled substance testing program. 

Vehicle Maintenance

Failure to properly maintain a CMV and prevent shifting loads, spilled or dropped cargo, and overloading of a CMV. Example violations include: inoperative brakes, lights, and other mechanical defects, improper load securement, failure to make required repairs. 

Hazardous Materials Compliance (HM)

Unsafe handling of HM on a CMV. Example violations include: failing to mark, label, or placard in accordance with the regulations, not properly securing a package containing HM, leaking containers, failing to conduct a test or inspection on a cargo tank when required by the United States Department of Transportation (U.S. DOT). 

Crash Indicator

Historical pattern of crash involvement, including frequency and severity. This BASIC is based on information from State-reported crashes that meet reportable crash standards. All reportable crashes are used regardless of the carrier’s or driver’s role in the crash. This BASIC uses crash history that is not specifically a behavior but instead the consequence of a behavior or a set of behaviors. 

Safe Driver Resources

Material Handling

The material below on material handling are based in part on 49 C.F.R. Part 393, Parts and Accessories Necessary for Safe Operation.